Windows Event IDs and Others for Situational Awareness
Below is a living list of Windows event IDs and other miscellaenous snippets, that may be useful for situational awareness, once you are on a box:
Activity
Powershell to read event logs for the
Lock/screensaver
Workstation was locked
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4800' }
Workstation was unlocked
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4801' }
Screensaved invoked
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4802' }
Screensaver dismissed
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4803' }
System ON/OFF
Windows is starting up
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4608' }
System uptime
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='system'; Id='6013' }
Windows is shutting down
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4609' }
System has been shut down
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='system'; Id='1074' }
System sleep/awake
System entering sleep mode
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='system'; Id=42 }
System returning from sleep
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='system'; Id='1'; ProviderName = "Microsoft-Windows-Power-Troubleshooter" }
Logons
Successful logons
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Security'; Id='4624' }
Logons with explicit credentials
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Security'; Id='4648' }
Account logoffs
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4634' }
Access
Outbound RDP
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-RDPClient/Operational'; id='1024' } | select timecreated, message | ft -AutoSize -Wrap
Inbound RDP
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-LocalSessionManager/Operational'; id='21' } | select timecreated, message | ft -AutoSize -Wrap
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-RemoteDesktopServices-RdpCoreTS/Operational'; id=131 } | select timecreated, message | ft -AutoSize -Wrap
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-TerminalServices-RemoteConnectionManager/Operational'; id='1149' } | ft -AutoSize -Wrap
Outbound WinRM
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-WinRM/Operational'; id=6 }
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-WinRM/Operational'; id=80 }
Inbound WinRM
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-WinRM/Operational'; id=91 }
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Microsoft-Windows-WMI-Activity/Operational'; id=5857 } | ? {$_.message -match 'Win32_WIN32_TERMINALSERVICE_Prov|CIMWin32'}
Inbound Network and Interactive Logons
$events = New-Object System.Collections.ArrayList
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Security'; id=(4624); starttime=(get-date).AddMinutes(-60*24*2) } | % {
$event = New-Object psobject
$subjectUser = $_.properties[2].value + "\" + $_.properties[1].value
$targetUser = $_.properties[6].value + "\" + $_.properties[5].value
$logonType = $_.properties[8].value
$subjectComputer = $_.properties[18].value
if ($logonType -in 3,7,8,9,10,11 -and $subjectComputer -notmatch "::1|-|^127.0.0.1")
{
switch ($logonType) {
3 { $logonType = "Network" }
7 { $logonType = "Screen Unlock" }
8 { $logonType = "Network Cleartext" }
9 { $logonType = "New Credentials" }
10 { $logonType = "Remote Interactive" }
11 { $logonType = "Cached Interactive" }
}
$event | Add-Member "Time" $_.TimeCreated
$event | Add-Member "Subject" $subjectUser
$event | Add-Member "LogonFrom" $subjectComputer
$event | Add-Member "LoggedAs" $targetUser
$event | Add-Member "Type" $logonType
$events.Add($event) | out-null
}
}
$events
Outbound Network Logons
$events = New-Object System.Collections.ArrayList
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Security'; id=(4648); starttime=(get-date).AddMinutes(-60*24*2) } | % {
$event = New-Object psobject
$subjecUser = $_.Properties[2].Value + "\" + $_.Properties[1].Value
$targetUser = $_.Properties[6].Value + "\" + $_.Properties[5].Value
$targetInfo = $_.Properties[9].Value
$process = $_.Properties[11].Value
$event | Add-Member "Time" $_.timecreated
$event | Add-Member "SubjectUser" $subjecUser
$event | Add-Member "TargetUser" $targetUser
$event | Add-Member "Target" $targetInfo
$event | Add-Member "Process" $process
if ($targetInfo -notmatch 'localhost')
{
$events.add($event) | out-null
}
}
$events
Activity
Attempt to install a service
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='Security'; Id='4697' }
Scheduled task created
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4698' }
Scheduled task updated
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='security'; Id='4702' }
Sysinternals usage?
Get-ItemProperty 'HKCU:\SOFTWARE\Sysinternals\*' | select PSChildName, EulaAccepted
Security
LSASS started as a protected process
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{ LogName='system'; Id='12' ; ProviderName='Microsoft-Windows-Wininit' }
Last modified 10mo ago
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